The News Media and the Making of America, 1730-1865

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Further Reading



Colonial Print Culture

Hugh Amory and David D. Hall, eds., The Colonial Book in the Atlantic World, vol. 1 of A History of the Book in America, ed. David D. Hall (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007).

Richard D. Brown, Knowledge Is Power: The Diffusion of Information in Early America, 1700-1865 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).

Charles E. Clark, The Public Prints: The Newspaper in Anglo-American Culture (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).

David A. Copeland, Colonial American Newspapers: Character and Content (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1997).

James N. Green and Peter Stallybrass, Benjamin Franklin: Writer and Printer (New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press, 2006).

Boston 1737: A Local News Network Case Study

Gary B. Nash, The Urban Crucible: Social Change, Political Consciousness, and the Origins of the American Revolution (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979).

David Paul Nord, “‘Plain and Certain Facts’: Four Episodes of Public Affairs Reporting in Eighteenth-Century Boston,” Journalism History 37 (Summer 2011).

Jack Tager, Boston Riots: Three Centuries of Social Violence (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2001).

G. B. Warden, Boston, 1689­–1776 (Boston: Little, Brown, 1970).



Prelude to Revolution

Carol Sue Humphrey, The American Revolution and the Press: The Promise of Independence (Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 2013).

Thomas C. Leonard, The Power of the Press: The Birth of American Political Reporting (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986).

Gary B. Nash, The Unknown American Revolution: The Unruly Birth of Democracy and the Struggle to Create America (New York: Viking, 2005).

William Pencak et al., eds., Riot and Revelry in Early America (University Park: Penn State University Press, 2002).

Ray Raphael and Marie Raphael, The Spirit of ’74: How the American Revolution Began (New York: New Press, 2015).

The Battles of Lexington and Concord: A Public Relations Case Study

Walter R. Borneman, American Spring: Lexington, Concord, and the Road to Revolution (New York: Little, Brown, 2014).

T. H. Breen, American Insurgents, American Patriots: The Revolution of the People (New York: Hill and Wang, 2011).

David Hackett Fischer, Paul Revere’s Ride (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Robert A. Gross, The Minutemen and Their World (New York: Hill and Wang, 1976).

Kevin Phillips, 1775: A Good Year for Revolution (New York: Viking, 2012).

Clifford K. Shipton, Isaiah Thomas: Printer, Patriot and Philanthropist (New York: Leo Hart, 1948).

Spreading News of the War

Eric Foner, Tom Paine and Revolutionary America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976).

Trish Loughran, The Republic in Print: Print Culture in the Age of U.S. Nation Building, 1770–1870 (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007).

Pauline Maier, American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence (New York: Knopf, 1997).

Robert W. T. Martin, The Free and Open Press: The Founding of American Democratic Press Liberty, 1640-1800 (New York: NYU Press, 2001).

Thomas Starr, “Separated at Birth: Text and Context of the Declaration of Independence,” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 110, pt. 2 (2002): 153-99.

David Waldstreicher, In the Midst of Perpetual Fetes: The Making of American Nationalism, 1776-1820 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996).



The Early Nineteenth-Century Newspaper Boom

Robert A. Gross and Mary Kelley, eds., An Extensive Republic: Print, Culture, and Society in the New Nation, 1790–1840, vol. 2 of A History of the Book in America, ed. David D. Hall (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010).

David Henkin, City Reading: Written Words and Public Spaces in Antebellum New York (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998).

Richard R. John, Spreading the News: The American Postal System from Franklin to Morse (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995).

Thomas C. Leonard, News for All: America’s Coming-of-Age with the Press (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).

Jeffrey L. Pasley, “The Tyranny of Printers”: Newspaper Politics in the Early American Republic (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2001).

Paul Starr, The Creation of the Media: Political Origins of Modern Communications (New York: Basic Books, 2004).

Reform Movements and the News

Jacqueline Bacon, Freedom’s Journal: The First African-American Newspaper (Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2007).

Frederick J. Blue, No Taint of Compromise: Crusaders in Antislavery Politics (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2005).

Henry Mayer, All on Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of Slavery (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998).

Timothy Patrick McCarthy and John Stauffer, eds., Prophets of Protest: Reconsidering the History of American Abolitionism (New York: New Press, 2006).

David Paul Nord, Faith in Reading: Religious Publishing and the Birth of Mass Media in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Thomas R. Pegram, Battling Demon Rum: The Struggle for a Dry America (Chicago, Ill.: Ivan R. Dee, 1998).



Civil War Reporting and Reporters

Menahem Blondheim, News over the Wires: The Telegraph and the Flow of Public Information in America, 1844-1897 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994).

Andrew S. Coopersmith, Fighting Words: An Illustrated History of Newspaper Accounts of the Civil War (New York: New Press, 2004).

Harold Holzer, Lincoln and the Power of the Press: The War for Public Opinion (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2014).

James M. Perry, A Bohemian Brigade: The Civil War Correspondents—Mostly Rough, Sometimes Ready (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2000).

Ford Risley, Civil War Journalism (Santa Barbara, Calif.: Praeger, 2012).

Debra R. Van Tuyll, The Confederate Press in the Crucible of the American Civil War (New York: Peter Lang, 2013).

Visual Culture and the Civil War

Estelle Jussim, Visual Communication and the Graphic Arts: Photographic Technologies in the Nineteenth Century (New York: R. R. Bowker Company, 1974).

Megan Kate Nelson, Ruin Nation: Destruction and the American Civil War (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2012).

Wendy Wick Reaves, “‘Reading’ Portrait Prints,” Common-place 7, no. 3 (April 2007).

Visual Culture of the American Civil War, American Social History Project/Center for Media and Learning.

Christa Holm Vogelius, “Family Albums of War: Carte de Visite Collections in the Civil War Era,” Common-place 16, no. 1 (Fall 2015).

The Illustrated Press

Barbara J. Balliet, “‘Let Them Study as Men and Work as Women,’” Common-place 7, no. 3 (April 2007).

Joshua Brown, Beyond the Lines: Pictorial Reporting, Everyday Life, and the Crisis of Gilded Age America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002).

The Becker Collection: Drawings of the American Civil War Era, Boston College.

Harry L. Katz, and Vincent Virga, Civil War Sketch Book: Drawings from the Battlefront (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2012).

Stephen P. Rice, “Photography in Engraving on Wood,” Common-place 7, no. 3 (April 2007).

William Fletcher Thompson, The Image of War: The Pictorial Reporting of the American Civil War (New York, 1959).

News and the Home Front

Alice Fahs, The Imagined Civil War: Popular Literature of the North & South, 1861–1865 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001).

Drew Gilpin Faust, This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War (New York: Knopf, 2008).

Ellen Gruber Garvey, Writing with Scissors: American Scrapbooks from the Civil War to the Harlem Renaissance (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012).

David M. Henkin, The Postal Age: The Emergence of Modern Communications in Nineteenth-Century America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006).

Home Front: Daily Life in the Civil War North, Newberry Library and Terra Foundation for American Art.

Nina Silber, Daughters of the Union: Northern Women Fight the Civil War (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995).